Pharmaceutical drug Adalat is familiar to the patients with arterial hypertension. An instruction for use describes it as a hypotensive drug, which can provide quick assistance to the patient and prevent a hypertensive crisis. Anyone can read more about this drug in this instruction.
Pharmaceutical form and composition
Adalat is issued in the form of drugs of prolonged effect, covered with the film membrane. Every pill can contain 10 or 20 mg of the active substance- nifedipine. The support components of this drug are: lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, hyprolose, talc and microcrystalline cellulose.
Adalat is a calcium channel blocker, which has an antianginal, i.e., anesthetic and antihypertensive effect. Getting to the body, nifedipine dilates the peripheral and coronary vessels, reduces the spasm and the oxygen demand of cardiac muscle. The blood supply of ischemic zones improves under the influence of the drug. At that, the drug doesn’t affect the tone of the veins. The effect of this drug is felt 20 minutes after the intake, and the clinical effect lasts 20 hours.
Indications for use
The described drug is used for the treatment of arterial hypertension, regardless of its cause, including a hypertensive crisis. In case of ischemic heart disease, Adalat helps to stop angina or prevent the deterioration of state. This drug is used for the treatment of Reynaud’s syndrome, but only completed with the other drugs.
The doses of the drug
Only the doctor can select the necessary dosage of Adalat. Most frequently, the patients take 10 mg of this drug 3 times a day. In case of angina attack or hypertensive crisis, the patient should chew one pill and leave it in the mouth until it’s completely dissolved.
In case of stable arterial hypertension, the adults must take 20 mg of Adalat once a day for a long time. According to the patients’ feedbacks, this drug effectively reduces the blood pressure, keeping it stable for a long time.
We should consider the cases when Adalat cannot be prescribed. According to the instructions for use, they include: 8 days after a myocardial infarction, I trimester of pregnancy and a hypersensitivity to an active substance of Adalat- nifedipine, as well as the other components of the drug.
Side effects of the drug
According to the feedbacks, Adalat can cause a number of side effects, including hypotension, dizziness and headache, heat flow, hyperemia of face and increased heart rate. These side effects are often observed in the first three days of treatment, after which they pass on their own. In very few cases, the use of this drug can cause gingivitis, and in the older patients- gynecomastia.