Topamax is an anticonvulsant, able to block sodium receptors, relieve spasms and stop the nervous excitement. International name – Topiramate. The drug is effective for the treatment of migraine, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, epilepsy syndrome, tonic-clonic seizures.

The shape and composition

The main active ingredient of this medication is topiramin. This component is present in an amount of 15-50 mg. Among the auxiliary components there are povidone, gelatin, cellulose acetate, starch, sucrose.

Topamax is produced in capsules 15 mg, 25 mg and 50 mg. They are placed in cardboard packaging (26-60 pieces).

The drug Topamax can be recommended for the treatment of migraine, myoclonic seizures, absence seizures, partial seizures, Lennox syndrome, epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

Topamax has established itself as an effective means by which it is possible to eliminate muscle spasms of smooth muscles.

Pharmacological effects

Topamax is a highly effective antiepileptic drug that can enhance the activity of GABA receptors, and during its use functions AMPA- receptors are normalized. At the initial stage of development of epilepsy the drug is used, as well as during migraine.

Topamax has analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory effects.

According to the instructions the drug Topamax on time of epileptic seizures manifestations must be taken twice a day at 200 mg. If there is such a necessity, then the contents of the capsule can be mixed with a small amount of liquid.

Existing contraindications

The drug Topamax can not be assigned in case of intolerance of its components, as well as you have hypersensitivity. Children who are younger than two years old, pregnant women and nursing women are contraindicated to take the drug. Also contraindications to receiving are heart failure, severe brain diseases, malignant tumors, hepatic failure.
Relate very carefully to receive the drug in renal failure, nefrourolitiasis, osteoporosis in the elderly.

Possible side reactions of the organism

The drug Topamax is able to provoke such side effects;

From the senses – low vision, redness of the eyes, myopia, increased intraocular pressure, mydriasis.
From the digestive system – nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss.
Allergic reactions – inflammation of the mucous membranes, dermatitis, angioedema, urticaria, pruritus.
On the part of the central nervous system – headache, drowsiness, hallucinations, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, depression.